Detailed explanation function of kidney structure
Function of Kidney Structure – The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located just below the rib cage on either side of the spine. The kidneys serve as the body’s filtration system, removing waste and excess fluid from the blood before being excreted as urine.
One of the key features of kidney structure is the nephron, which is the functional unit of the kidney. The nephron consists of the glomerulus, which filters the blood, and the tubules, which control the amount and composition of urine produced by the kidney.
The glomerulus is a network of tiny blood vessels, which perform filtration and remove waste and excess fluid from the blood. The small, funnel-shaped Bowman’s capsule surrounds the glomerulus and captures the filtrate, which then drains into the tubules.
The tubules, consisting of the proximal and distal tubules, the loops of Henle, and the collecting ducts, facilitate the conversion of filtrate to urine through the process of absorption, secretion, and reabsorption.
The proximal tubule is responsible for modifying the composition and amount The primary function of the kidney is to purify the blood by filtering out impurities such as excess water, urea, creatine and other waste products. function of kidney of the filtrate produced by the glomerulus and for the reabsorption of glucose, sodium, and bicarbonate ions.
The loop of Henle allows the kidney to produce urine that is different from the average person’s urine. It regulates the amount of salt and water in the fluid to maintain adequate hydration levels in the body.
The distal tubule is responsible for the reabsorption of sodium and chloride and the secretion of potassium and hydrogen ions. Finally, the collecting ducts, which run throughout the kidneys, collect the processed urine
Function of Kidney
Now that we have seen the structure of kidneys, let us explain their important functions in the human body.
The primary function of the kidney is to purify the blood by filtering out impurities such as excess water, urea, creatine and other waste products. The kidneys play an essential role in maintaining the body’s fluid balance, electrolyte levels and blood pressure.
They accomplish this by controlling the levels of hormones and chemicals that control the absorption of water, sodium, potassium and bicarbonate ions and calcium in the body.
The kidneys also play an important role in the production of red blood cells, which is their secondary function. The kidneys secrete the hormone erythropoietin, which stimulates the bone marrow to produce red blood cells (RBCs).
Finally, the kidneys play an important role in controlling the acid-base balance of the blood by secreting hydrogen and bicarbonate ions, which maintain the pH level of the blood.
Clinical significance of kidney function
Kidney disorders can lead to many life-threatening diseases such as acute and chronic renal failure, hypertension and oedema.
Diseases that can damage the kidneys include glomerulonephritis, pyelonephritis, nephrotic syndrome, and kidney stones. In addition, prolonged exposure to drugs, dehydration, and infection can also put undue stress on the function of kidney , leading to complications.
Kidney problems may be diagnosed during a routine checkup, or in some cases, patients may present with symptoms such as back and side pain, blood in the urine, or fever.
Timely detection and treatment of kidney disorders can prevent serious damage and even acute and chronic kidney failure.
In conclusion, the structure and function of the kidneys in the human body are important for maintaining homeostasis and ensuring proper excretion of wastes and toxins from the body. The role of the
Diseases that can damage the kidneys include glomerulonephritis, pyelonephritis, nephrotic syndrome, and kidney stones. In addition, prolonged exposure to drugs, dehydration, and infection can also put undue stress on the function of kidney, leading to complications.
kidney in regulating fluid and electrolyte balance, acid-base balance, production of red blood cells is important in maintaining our physical health.