Sandhya Jani Devi Health Resort

hypertension cause kidney disease. High blood pressure or hypertension is a common condition in which the force of blood against the walls of arteries is consistently high.

hypertension cause kidney disease

If left untreated, hypertension can damage many organs of the body, including the kidneys. This is why it’s important to learn about the connection between hypertension and kidney disease to avoid developing long-term complications.

What is Hypertension?

To understand how hypertension cause kidney disease, we should begin by learning what hypertension is. Blood pressure is the force of blood flowing through your blood vessels. Hypertension is when the pressure consistently and persistently rises above normal limits.

High blood pressure is commonly referred to as a “silent killer” because most people don’t experience any symptoms when their blood pressure is high.

Hypertension and Kidney Disease

Hypertension and kidney disease are closely related. High blood pressure causes damage to the kidneys’ tiny blood vessels that filter waste from the blood. If left untreated, this damage can cause kidney disease.

In addition, patients with hypertension can develop other risk factors such as diabetes, obesity or high cholesterol. These are additional risk factors that exacerbate the risk of kidney disease and make it harder to manage hypertension.

The damage caused by High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure can cause kidney disease by damaging the blood vessels that supply the kidneys, which leads to a reduction in blood flow to the kidneys. This situation slows down the nephrons’ functioning and over time kidney function declines.

This condition is called reduced renal function. If high blood pressure continues unchecked, the blood vessels in the kidneys can ultimately become thickened and narrowed. This can cause a condition called nephrosclerosis, which can further complicate the functioning of the kidneys.

How to evaluate the risk of Kidney Disease

If you have high blood pressure, you are at risk of developing kidney disease. It is essential to monitor your blood pressure regularly and check your kidney function regularly. Your blood pressure should be below 120/80 mm Hg, and your doctor may prescribe additional lifestyle changes or medication to help keep it in check. Regular urine and blood tests can also help detect any issues with your kidneys at an early stage.

High Blood Pressure Management

Controlling high blood pressure is essential to managing and preventing kidney disease. Lifestyle changes such as a healthy diet, regular exercise, and avoiding smoking and alcohol consumption can all help to reduce blood pressure. Additionally, there are many medications available that can help you to manage your blood pressure.


In conclusion, high blood pressure is a common condition that can cause significant damage to your body, especially if left untreated. Delicate organs like the kidneys are particularly vulnerable to the effects of high blood pressure, and if you have hypertension, it’s important to monitor and manage your blood pressure levels.

By checking your blood pressure regularly, seeing your doctor regularly and making healthy lifestyle choices, you can reduce your risk of kidney disease and other potential complications associated with high blood pressure. Thank you for watching, and don’t forget to subscribe to our channel for more informative content.

Translate »